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Jack Youngerman (American, b. 1926)
Changes (6), 1970
Serigraph on paper, 38 x 26 in.
Initialled and dated in pencil at bottom right: JY 70. Edition in pencil at bottom left: 55/175.
Gift of Mrs. Madeleine M. Gardner.††1978.1.2

To protect the artistís copyright, this image is sized according to generally accepted fair use standards.

About This Work

After serving in World War II, the Missouri-born artist Jack Youngerman moved to France on a G.I. Scholarship to study at the …cole des Beaux-Arts in Paris. In his European travels, Youngerman encountered not only the art of the past - he especially admired the woodcuts of Wassily Kandinsky and Hans Arp and the cutouts of Henri Matisse - but also the works of other American expatriates, including Alexander Calder and Ellsworth Kelly. Attracted by the excitement of New York's post-war art scene, Youngerman returned to the United States in 1956, where he joined a group of younger artists that included both Kelly and Robert Indiana. Such diverse sources of inspiration converge in Changes: its curvilinear, organic forms are reminiscent of Matisse's textile-inspired designs, while its hard-edged look and bright palette relate to the aesthetics of Pop Art.

In 1961, Youngerman was included in the important "Sixteen Americans" group show at the Museum of Modern Art, then slammed by critics as "the sixteen artists most slated for oblivion." The show was a validation of new developments in American art, including works by Neo-Dadaists Robert Rauschenberg and Jasper Johns, and Minimalist Frank Stella, in addition to Youngerman and Kelly.


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